Hopkins, M., Michalowska, J., Whybrow, S., Horgan, G.W. and Stubbs, J.
||Errors inherent in self-reported measures of energy intake (EI) are substantial and well documented, but correlates of misreporting remain unclear.
Therefore, potential predictors of misreporting were examined. In Study One, fifty-nine individuals (BMI = 26.1 (SD 3.8) kg/m2, age= 42.7
(SD 13.6) years, females = 29) completed a 14-d stay in a residential feeding behaviour suite where eating behaviour was continuously monitored.
In Study Two, 182 individuals (BMI = 25.7 (SD 3.9) kg/m2, age = 42.4 (SD 12.2) years, females = 96) completed two consecutive days in a residential
feeding suite and five consecutive days at home. Misreporting was directly quantified by comparing covertly measured laboratory weighed intakes
(LWI) with self-reported EI (weighed dietary record (WDR), 24-h recall, 7-d diet history, FFQ). Personal (age, sex and %body fat) and psychological
traits (personality, social desirability, body image, intelligence quotient and eating behaviour) were used as predictors of misreporting. In Study
One, those with lower psychoticism (P = 0.009), openness to experience (P = 0.006) and higher agreeableness (P = 0.038) reduced EI on days
participants knew EI was being measured to a greater extent than on covert days. Isolated associations existed between personality traits
(psychoticism and openness to experience), eating behaviour (emotional eating) and differences between the LWI and self-reported EI, but these
were inconsistent between dietary assessment techniques and typically became non-significant after accounting for multiplicity of comparisons. In
Study Two, sex was associated with differences between LWI and the WDR (P = 0.009), 24-h recall (P = 0.002) and diet history (P = 0.050) in the
laboratory, but not home environment. Personal and psychological correlates of misreporting identified displayed no clear pattern across studies or
dietary assessment techniques and had little utility in predicting misreporting.