Heller, J., Innocent, G.T., Denwood, M.J., Reid, S.W.J., Kelly, L. and Mellor, D.J.
Preventive Veterinary Medicine 9(2-4), 211-224.
modelling, sensitivity analysis, MRSA
||Meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an important nosocomial and community-acquired pathogen
with zoonotic potential. The relationship between MRSA in humans and companion animals is poorly understood. This study
presents a quantitative exposure assessment, based on expert opinion and published data, in the form of a second order stochastic
simulation model with accompanying logistic regression sensitivity analysis that aims to define the most important factors for
MRSA acquisition in dogs.
The simulation model was parameterised using expert opinion estimates, along with published and unpublished data. The
outcome of the model was biologically plausible and found to be dominated by uncertainty over variability. The sensitivity
analysis, in the form of four separate logistic regression models, found that both veterinary and non-veterinary routes of
acquisition of MRSA are likely to be relevant for dogs.
The effects of exposure to, and probability of, transmission of MRSA from the home environment were ranked as the most
influential predictors in all sensitivity analyses, although it is unlikely that this environmental source of MRSA is independent
of alternative sources of MRSA (human and/or animal). Exposure to and transmission from MRSA positive family members
were also found to be influential for acquisition of MRSA in pet dogs, along with veterinary clinic attendance and, while
exposure to and transmission from the veterinary clinic environment was also found to be influential, it was difficult to
differentiate between the importance of independent sources of MASA within the veterinary clinic.
The implementation of logistic regression analyses directly to the input/output relationship within the simulation model
presented in this paper represents the application of a variance based sensitivity analysis technique in the area of veterinary
medicine and is a useful means of ranking the relative importance of input variables. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DOI reference for published paper