Document details for 'Sedimentary chemofacies characterization by means of multivariate analysis'

Authors Montero-Serrano, J.C., Palarea Albaladejo, J., Martin-Fernandez, J.A., Martinez-Santana, M. and Gutierrez-Martin, J.V.
Publication details Sedimentary Geology 228(3-4), 218-228.
Keywords Geochemistry; Chemostratigraphy; Compositional data; Log-ratio transformation; Robust statistics; Constrained cluster
Abstract Multivariate statistical analysis is applied to geochemical data from three sections forming part of the stratigraphic record of the Cerro Pelado Formation (Oligocene-Miocene), in the central region of the Falcón Basin, northwestern Venezuela. Our main goal is introducing and testing a statistical protocol for the identification of chemofacies in the studied sections. The first step involves data preparation and cleaning: selection of relevant components, convenient replacement of values below the detection limit and determination of outliers. Second, a biplot analysis allows us to infer geochemical processes that can be interpreted from a paleoenvironmental point of view: detrital association, redox-organic matter association and carbonatic association. Considering such geochemical associations, a constrained cluster analysis is then carried out to determine the chemofacies for each section. According to the compositional nature of geochemical data, all statistical analysis is conducted within a log-ratio analysis framework. In addition, robust statistical methods are considered for outlier detection and biplot representation in order to smooth the influence of potential outliers on the estimates.
Last updated 2018-05-07

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