Bachmair, E-M., Wood, S., Kelzer, H., Horgan, G.W., Ford, I. and de Roos, B.
Molecular Nutrition & Food Research 59(4), 741-50.
Cardiovascular disease risk; Conjugated linoleic acid; Dietary intervention; Platelet function
||Scope: The 9cis, 11trans-conjugated linoleic acid (9c, 11t-CLA) is reported to have anti-atherogenic properties in animal models and to modulate protein expression in unstimulated human platelets in vivo. Platelet function was therefore investigated after dietary supplementation with 9c, 11t-CLA enriched oil (CLA80:20) in a randomized, baseline-controlled cross-over trial.
Methods and results: Forty-three healthy adults at low to moderate risk of cardiovascular disease received 4 g/day of CLA80:20 or placebo for two weeks each. Platelet function, inflammation, and endothelial activation were assessed before and after each phase. Compared with placebo, supplementation had no significant effects on platelet function measured by Platelet Function Analyzer-100. Inhibitory effects on collagen-induced aggregation were sex-dependent (p = 0.005) that reached significance only in women (p = 0.045). Thrombin receptor-activating peptide (TRAP)-induced P-selectin expression was higher after supplementation in all subjects (p = 0.017). TRAP-induced platelet fibrinogen binding was also dependent on sex (p = 0.015), with fibrinogen binding after CLA80:20 being higher in males (p = 0.035). Plasma monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 was higher (p = 0.041) after CLA80:20.
Conclusion: No clear evidence was found for inhibition or activation of platelet function as well as inflammation by CLA80:20 in a low to moderate cardiovascular risk group.